The favourable living conditions on this fertile plaain, close to the sea, have brought people to this region from early antiquity. the earliest signs of life date back to the Bronze Age and the early Iron Age. The region of Burgas is rich in archaeological finds, relating to the thracian period (4th c B.C.).
The name of Burgas derives from the latin word "burgos", meaning a tower . local legends speak of a roman travel post, which used to lie in the area of today's Burgas Port. 15 centuries later, then under the name of Pirgos, the settlement was mentioned in the works of the Byzantine poet, Manuel Phil. in 18th c. burgas was the largest port, south of the Balkan range.
The first map, showing the outline plan of Burgas dates from 1854. The first Bulgarian school and an orthodox church were opened in 1868. On 6th Feb 1878 Burgas was liberated from ottoman rule by a contingent lead by Colonel Lermontov, brother to the great Russian poet, Mikhail lermontov. the first city Hall was founded in 7th Feb 1878. A public library was opened in 1888 and three years later, the first outline city plan of Burgas was approved .
Over the first few decades of 20th c the town underwent some fast industrilization. The beginning of an unprecedented of reading halls (cultural centers), an archaeological society, a town museum, and the opening of the High School of Mechanics and Technology. A new boost to industrilization was given by the axpansion and modernization of the town port, the airport construction, and the building of the Oil refinery, the largest one on the Balkans.