Burgas is the biggest city in South-East Bulgaria – hometown and native place of famous poets, composers, singers, actors, producers, painters, photographers and sportsmen.
Joan Ekzarh, one of Bulgarian pre-Renaissance writers wrote that “The Sea is what brings together all that is far away”. This maxim valid for all one is worth and today. The increasing number of the population, the better conditions for rest and business prove the increasing interest to the town.
Municipality of Burgas is bounded by the Black Sea surrounding the large Burgas Bay. Close to the seaside are located the Atanasovsko lake, Pomoriisko lake, Mandrensko and Burgas (Vaia) lake which form the biggest complex of maritime lakes in Bulgaria – unique itself with its extremely rich biodiversity. From here passes “Via Pontica” – one of the main fly ways of the European migratory birds.
One of the biggest airports and the biggest cargo harbor in the country are located in Burgas. Our town is an important centre for the sea tourism with plenty of facilities and transport connections to the resorts on the South Black Sea coast. The resort complex is enriched by the presence of the Burgas Mineral water baths /around 15 km from the town/ which is one of the most ancient Bulgarian balneology centers.
As a Mayor of Burgas Municipality I am eager to keep the good tradition when the guests of the town turn into its friends all their life.
Welcome to Burgas!
The town of burgas is situated on the Black Sea Coast, by the Burgas day, on a flat plate. It lies at an avarage elevation of 17 m above the sea level.
The climate is moderately continental with a clearly expessed sea influence. summer is ussualy pleasant and fresh due to the permanent breezes. During the summer air temperatures in the daytime average 26,40C, and that of the seawater is 24,70C. The number of sunny days inthe summer varies between 24 and 27 per month, with an average of the 10-11 hours of sunshine per day. Winter is mild, mostly withhout any snow. During the winter season the average air temperatures is 4,60C, and tahat of the water is 7,40C. Due to the sea influence, autumns here are long and significantly warmer than in inland regions, while springs tend to be cold and arriving a month later.
At the turn of 21st c. Burgas was a regional and municipal center, as well as the fourth largest town in Bulgaria, with a population of 229 740 inhabitants. Burgas is rated second among Bulgarian administrative districts in its industrial potential. Over 20,000 companies have been registered here, while unemployed is the lowest in the country - 4,3%.
Burgas is in important industrial, commercial, transport and tourist center . The largest oil refinery on the Balkans - Lukoil Neftochim EAD - operates from here. The Burgas production palette is richly diverse in colour - fuels and synthetic fibres, ships cables and conductors, railway carriages, fans, construction materials, fish tins, vegetable oils, confectionary, biscuits, knitwear and clothing.
Burgas has largest port in the country with the only oil terminal south of the Balkan range, with a well-developed railway and road network. The airport boasts the best atmospheric conditions on the Balkan Peninsula and is the only one adapted for receiving supersonic planes. Since 1989 the Duty Free Zone of Burgas has been in operation.
Burgas in itself is a topurist center, but also a starting point for visiting the Black Sea resort of Sunny Beach. The holiday villages of Elenite and Duni, the museum-towns of Nesebar and Sozopol, the Ropotamo Reserve and the Strandja Nature Park.
Foreign direct investment in the last four years - more than 1 billion;
2,285 companies with foreign capital allocated according to the relative share my 2012 as follows:
UK - 14%
Russia - 13%
Germany - 7%
Armenia - 7%
Ireland - 6%
Share of industries in the Municipality of Burgas
Perspectives in industry development
The factors as in-out location (sea-frontage), infrastructure facilities, the quality of human resources
and the scientific potential in perspective are expected to grow in importance. In particular these factors of
the growth are well represented in the region.
In the frame of the national economic complex Burgas area will keep its leading place above the average rates for the country (rate of GDP above twice). This mainly refers to the industry, transportation, agriculture and trade.
It is expected that the future industry development will pass to new quality - high intellectual, high technological, resources saving and ecological - i.e. priority of electronic, electrotechnical, mechanical engineering, light and food and tobacco industries.
The agriculture function is one of the structures defining for the region. This is further to the plane
relief, climate, fertile soil, as well as the traditions of
The climate and soil conditions and the traditions in the agriculture have defined the specialty in the region of production of cereal culture (wheat and barley), sunflower, vine-growing, fruit-growing. There is a decreasing tendency the cultivated areas, but this is slower than the tendency in the country.
In the region the farming is also fairly well developed.
It is characterized with broad specialization and with broad specilization and availability of some agrarian productions like the drowing of aqua cultures, ostriches, rabbits, etc.
The district has potential for agriculture development because of the extremely favorable factors. Thee perspectives for agriculture are related with two factors:
- the market of agriculture production
- the intentions of the farmers
After 2000 year the agriculture production and structure are more and more influenced by the market situation. The market environment defines the following specialization:
- production of fresh vegetables, fruits, milk, meat, eggs, sausages, dairies, wines
- production of products with high endurance and fitted for export - sausages, cheeses, wines, flour, canned food.